Hungary is located on the Carpathian mountains at the Central Europe. It is a landlocked country. Its neighbors are Austria and Slovenia in the west, Slovakia in the north, Romain and Ukraine in the east, Serbia and Croatia in the south. Its capital city is Budapest. Its surface is 93.028 square kilometers. Its population is 9,874,784 as of July, 2016 according to the unofficial census. The lowest altitude in Hungary is the river Tisza with an altitude of 78 meters and, the highest is Kekes with an altitude of 1,014 meters. The rivers Tuna and Tisza in the direction from North to South divide the country into three large regions. The official language is Hungarian within the linguistic family of Finn-Ugor as one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Hungarian is one of the fourth languages in the European Union not within the linguistic family of Indio-European along with Finnish, Estonian and Maltese.
Its history begins with the Hungarians coming from Asia to this territory under the leadership of Árpád, great grandfather of István I, who ascended the throne in 1000. The empire history continued with some interruptions until the World War I. The republic was proclaimed on November 16, 1918. Hungary lost some part of its territories upon the convention Trianon 1920 at the end of the World War I. It participated in the World War II to reclaim its territories lost. As a result of taking sides with Germany during the World War II, the Soviet Russia captured Hungary. As a result of the occupation by the Soviet Russia, it adopted the communist ideology between 1947 and 1989. It opened its borders to Austria upon the destruction of the Eastern Block in 1989. After this, it adopted the parliamentarian republic system. It became a member of NATO in 1999 and, a member of the European Union in 2004.
The Hungarian flag has the red, white and green straps horizontally. The red one represents the power and blood shed during the defense of the country, the white one represents faith and freedom and, the green one represents hope and, the green area constituting the largest part of the country
The national anthem is Himnusz officially recognized in 1844. The lyrics was written by Ferenc Kolcsey and, composed by Ferenc Erkel.
Hungary’s capital city is Budapest. Its other cities are Bekescsaba, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Erd, Gyor,Hodmezovasarhely, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Salgotarjan, Sopron, Szeged, Szekesfehervar, Szekszard, Szolnok, Szombathely, Tatabanya, Veszprem, and Zalaegerszeg.
Hungary’s international area code is 36. Its internet extension is.hu
Hungarian economy achieved a growth rate of 2% in 2016. Hungary’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is USD 267.6 billion and, the gross national product per capita is USD 27,200 as of 2016. 64.7% consists of services, 31.8% of industry and, 3.5% of agriculture. As of the end of 2016, Hungary’s export volume is USD 91.78 billion and, its import volume is USD 86.61 billion.
Hungary has a railway network of 8,049 km, and 77,087 km of asphalt road, of which 1,582 km is highway. It has a waterway of 1,622 km, mostly on the river Tuna. Its significant river ports are: Baja, Csepel (Budapest), Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Mohacs (Tuna).
Hungarian parliament consists of 199 members. Parliamentary election takes place once in every 4 years. Hungarian’s head of the state is elected by the parliament once in every five years. To be a head of the state, a majority of 2/3 in the parliament is required in the first round or, the absolute majority in the second round. Janos Ader is the Head of the State since May 10, 2012, elected for the 2nd time with a term of office until 2022
The head of the state nominates a prime minister. And this candidate is elected with approval of the parliament. Viktor Orban elected as prime minister as of May 29, 2010, continues to hold office.